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Special Topics

  • Ben-Zion Maytal
  • John M. Pfotenhauer
Chapter
Part of the International Cryogenics Monograph Series book series (ICMS)

Abstract

This chapter deals with some topics of general relevance to all formerly discussed aspects of operating Joule-Thomson cryocoolers: the necessary purity of the coolant, consumed flow rates and numerical modeling of cryocoolers. Attention is dedicated to the unique field of cryosurgical probes and devices that utilize miniature Joule-Thomson cryocooling. The closing section discusses the negative Joule-Thomson effect and its application for progressive warming.

Keywords

Heat Exchanger Expansion Valve Fixed Orifice Cryogenic Engineer Instantaneous Flow Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ben-Zion Maytal
    • 1
  • John M. Pfotenhauer
    • 2
  1. 1.Missiles and NCW DivisionRafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd.HaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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