Archaeology in the Age of Globalization: Local Meanings, Global Interest

Chapter

Abstract

I discuss the growing interest in archaeological research worldwide and suggest that while dissemination of archaeology in the twentieth century may be explained through the use of the world-system model, current tendencies toward globalization of archaeological thought and practice advise a new phenomenon – archaeology as geoculture. Archaeology is now a worldwide operation and current tendencies regarding research and preservation of cultural heritage worldwide indicate a globalized approach to the past and archaeology as the only discipline to study societies not recorded through script. Such integration of interest about the past contributes to a shift of power thus far represented by academic centers produced through the socioeconomic and political constrains of the world-system. Their power was in abilities to control research worldwide by providing funds, setting research agendas, designing methodologies, and offering theoretical outlooks. The current integration is qualitatively different as archaeology becomes nationless and cultural heritage is understood as global rather than local patrimony. Despite its global context, archaeology still depends on local politics. A look at this global scale allows for identification of problems and pressures inflicted on the archaeological research by overwhelmingly potent socioeconomic and political contexts.

Keywords

Migration Europe Income Expense Arena 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyHunter College, CUNYNew YorkUSA

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