Rotation, Inducing Gauge Fields, and Exotic States of Matter in Cold Atoms

Chapter
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

Rotating quantum systems leads to dramatic and exotic phenomena. The first rotational phenomena to be experimentally explored in cold atoms was vortices and vortex lattices in a rotating superfluid. Because a superfluid is irrotational, all rotation is contained in topological defects with circulation quantized in units of \(\hbar\). This is a phenomena that occurs in superfluid \(^{4} {\hbox{He}}\) and \(^{3} {\hbox{He}}\), as well as in type-2 superconductors (superconductors only show vortices in a certain limit, corresponding to type-2 superconductors, because the electromagnetic field energy has to be considered in addition to the electron fluid). Images of vortices in cold gas experiments directly showed this spectacular manifestations of superfluidity.

Keywords

Vortex Helium 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC  2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.JILA University of ColoradoBoulderUSA

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