SAGES History and Commitment to Education and Safety

  • Steven D. Schwaitzberg


Thirty years ago, a small group of visionary surgeons banded together to focus on the idea that flexible endoscopy was important to the practice of gastrointestinal surgeons. They came together at a time when it was unclear whether or not surgeons would continue to do flexible endoscopy or whether these procedures would completely fall in the realm of the gastroenterologists.


Bariatric Surgery Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery Flexible Endoscopy Surgical Endoscopy 
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Selected Readings

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    The role of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (L.C.). Guidelines for clinical application. Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES). Surg Endosc. 1993;7:369.Google Scholar
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    Derossis AM, Fried GM, Abrahamowicz M, et al. Development of a model for training and evaluation of laparoscopic skills. Am J Surg. 1998;175:482.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Derossis AM, Bothwell J, Sigman HH, et al. The effect of practice on performance in a laparoscopic simulator. Surg Endosc. 1998;12:1117.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Archer SB, Sims MM, Giklich R, et al. Outcomes assessment and minimally invasive surgery: historical perspective and future directions. Surg Endosc. 2000;14:883.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryHarvard Medical School, Cambridge Health AllianceCambridgeUSA

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