Effect of AEM Energy Applicator Configuration on Magnetic Nanoparticle Mediated Hyperthermia for Breast Cancer
Magnetic nanoparticle mediated low heat hyperthermia (42~45 o C) via alternating electromagnetic (AEM) energy is a promising, cancer specific and minimally-invasive cancer therapy. Iron oxide particles frequently used for this therapy are non-toxic and already used as a contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging. One important issue in the hyperthermia is applying an appropriate amount of energy to the tumor at various sizes and depths, with a minimal damage to normal tissue. For the therapy to be desirable, the AEM energy applicator needs to be non-invasive and user-friendly. To better understand the effect of the probe on the magnetic field distribution, computer simulation was performed for the field distribution by probes with various configurations. In a solenoid-type probe, the field is mainly inside the probe and, therefore, is difficult to use on body. A pancake-shaped probe is easy to use but the field penetration is shallow and, thus, may better serve surface tumor treatment. A sandwich probe, composed of two pancake probes, has a penetration depth deeper than a pancake probe. The results also showed that the spacing between two adjacent coils and the number of coil turns are very important for controlling the field penetration depth and strength. Experiments were also performed to study the effects of the size and concentration of iron oxide nanoparticles on heating. Among the tested particle sizes of 10~50 nm, 30 nm particles showed the best heating for the same mass.
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