Research Funding

  • Frederick Betz
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)


We turn from the method to the organization of science. As we have emphasized, science is expensive. Proposals for scientific research projects are written by scientists and submitted to funding programs – which in turn award some of the projects as research grants. Research grants support the scientists, professors and graduate students, and their equipment to perform the specified research in the proposal. Research proposals describe the issues of a research to be performed and the methods and team for performing the research.


Research Issue Rift Valley Ocean Floor Research Proposal Continental Drift 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Hall, S. 2006. The Contrary Map Maker. New York: Times Magazine, December 31, pp. 45–47.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering and TechnologyPortland State UniversityPortlandUSA

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