• Frederick Betz
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)


Research methodology uses techniques for finding: (1) the distinctive quality of a natural thing (what it is), (2) the quantity of these things existing in nature (how many), (3) from some properties (quality), deducing other properties of the natural thing (what else), and (4) from observation, inducing the properties of natural objects (measurement).


Gold Particle Cotton Fiber Physical Object Natural Object Differential Calculus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Besanko, D., David, D., and Mark, S. 2000. Economics of Strategy, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  2. Schervich, M. J. 1996. Theory of Statistics. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Van der Waerden, B. L. 2003. Algebra, vol. 1. New York: Springer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering and TechnologyPortland State UniversityPortlandUSA

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