Models in the Social Sciences
We ended the last chapter with a strong methodological statement: in science, one can directly measure the properties of a model in experiments. Models rather than theory are directly experimentally validated. Predictions/prescriptions from a model of a natural object can be compared to experiments. Theory is indirectly validated by experiments, through the models which are constructed within the theory. We saw that quantum theory would be indirectly validated through the Bohr model of the atom (from which the empirical formula of Rydberg’s phenomenological law could be directly derived).
KeywordsNatural Object Topological Graph British Petroleum Technology Development Program Topological Flow
- Betz, F. 2001. Executive Strategy. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
- Forrester, J. 1961. Industrial Dynamics. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Jervis, R. 2010. At Least 11 Workers Missing after La Oil Rig Explosion. USA Today. Associated Press, April 21.Google Scholar
- Twentyman, J. 2010. IT Leads a Nation's Recovery. Financial Times, June 16, p. 3.Google Scholar