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Phase I Clinical Trials with Anticancer Agents

  • Stephen Leong
  • Justin Call
  • Alex A. Adjei
  • Wells Messersmith
Chapter
Part of the Cancer Drug Discovery and Development book series (CDD&D)

Abstract

Although the term “phase I” is used to describe numerous trial designs, the overarching goal of a phase I study is to determine the optimal dose and/or schedule of a therapy for evaluation in the phase II setting. Phase I trials typically test different doses of an anticancer agent(s) in various neoplastic diseases, with safety evaluation as a main objective. These studies range from first-in-human trials of novel single agents to new combinations of FDA-approved therapies. Frequently, pharmacokinetic studies are incorporated in phase I clinical trials, in order to determine drug exposure and clearance. In addition, phase I studies may include biomarkers of drug effects such as functional imaging or direct measurement of drug effects on either tumor biopsies and/or normal tissue samples.

Keywords

Dose Level Dose Escalation Oncology Trial Human Equivalent Dose Animal Dose 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Leong
  • Justin Call
  • Alex A. Adjei
    • 1
  • Wells Messersmith
  1. 1.Department of MedicineRoswell Park Cancer InstituteBuffaloUSA

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