Assessment of the Effect of Natural and Anthropogenic Aquatic Noise on Vaquita (Phocoena sinus) Through a Numerical Simulation

  • Giovanni Castellazzi
  • Petr Krysl
  • Lorenzo Rojas
  • Ted W. Cranford
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 730)


Phocoena sinus (vaquita) is a small marine harbor porpoise endemic to the Gulf of California that is believed to be the most endangered cetacean in the world as reported by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list (see Rojas-Bracho et al. 2008). Simultaneous use of the same habitat by fishermen and Phocoena sinus has led to the precipitous decline of the porpoise. Phocoena sinus is easily entangled in fishing nets, resulting in drowning.


Sound Wave Precipitous Decline Beaked Whale Toothed Whale Finite Element Modeling Model 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni Castellazzi
    • 1
  • Petr Krysl
    • 2
  • Lorenzo Rojas
    • 3
  • Ted W. Cranford
    • 4
  1. 1.DISTARTUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Structural EngineeringUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  3. 3.San Instituto Nacional de Ecología (INE)Fraccionamiento Zona PlayaEnsenadaMexico
  4. 4.Department of BiologySan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA

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