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North Atlantic Treaty Organization Marine Mammal Risk Mitigation Principles and Guidelines

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 730)

Abstract

Atypical mass strandings of beaked whales in spatial and temporal proximity to active sonar experiments and military exercises increased concern about the possible effects of tactical active sonar on marine mammals.

Keywords

Marine Mammal Mitigation Action North Atlantic Treaty Organization Beaked Whale Guideline Document 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. D’Amico A, Gisiner, RC, Ketten, DR, Hammock JA, Johnson C, Tyack PL, Mead J (2009) Beaked whale strandings and naval exercises. Aquat Mamm 35:452–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Frantzis A (1998) Does acoustic testing strand whales? Nature 392:29.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ryan K (2009) NATO Undersea Research Centre marine mammal risk mitigation rules and procedures. Special Publication NURC-SP-2009-002, NATO Undersea Research Centre, La Spezia, Italy. Available via http://www.nurc.nato.int/publications/pubs/2009/NURC-SP-2009-002.pdf. Accessed 2 May 2010.Google Scholar
  4. SACLANT Undersea Research Centre (1998) Bioacoustics panel and marine mammal environmental and mitigation procedures panel. SACLANTCEN M-133, NATO Undersea Research Centre, La Spezia, Italy.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.North Atlantic Treaty Organization Undersea Research CentreLa SpeziaItaly
  2. 2.Directorate General of ArmamentsParisFrance

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