North Atlantic Treaty Organization Marine Mammal Risk Mitigation Principles and Guidelines

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 730)


Atypical mass strandings of beaked whales in spatial and temporal proximity to active sonar experiments and military exercises increased concern about the possible effects of tactical active sonar on marine mammals.


Marine Mammal Mitigation Action North Atlantic Treaty Organization Beaked Whale Guideline Document 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.North Atlantic Treaty Organization Undersea Research CentreLa SpeziaItaly
  2. 2.Directorate General of ArmamentsParisFrance

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