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Biosynthesis and Function of Citrus Glycosylated Flavonoids

Chapter
Part of the Recent Advances in Phytochemistry book series (RAPT, volume 41)

Abstract

Citrus is one of the major crops in the world with notable consumption of fresh fruit and processed fruit products. Flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides in Citrus have an impact on consumer acceptance of fruit and fruit products as well as affecting human health. Glycosylation of flavonoids is a key modification process leading to the production of the compounds actually found in plant tissues. Citrus is known for synthesis and accumulation of significant levels of flavanone and flavone glycosides. Biosynthesis of the core flavonoids and modification reactions resulting in the synthesis of flavonoid glycosides in Citrus are reviewed, with emphasis on Citrus flavonoid glycosyltransferases.

Keywords

Jerusalem Artichoke Flavonoid Glycoside Navel Orange Flavonoid Biosynthetic Pathway Tentative Consensus Sequence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the USDA (grants 98-35301-6514 and 2003-35318-13749) and NSF (grant MCB-0614260) for past and current support of their work on secondary product glycosyltransferases and flavonoid metabolism in C. paradisi.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesEast Tennessee State UniversityJohnson CityUSA
  2. 2.School of Graduate Studies, East Tennessee State UniversityJohnson CityUSA

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