Flame Spray Pyrolysis

  • A. PurwantoEmail author
  • W.-N. Wang
  • K. Okuyama


Flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) has been applied for the production of powders industrially. FSP allows production of powders with controlled characteristics at a high rate. In addition to the process parameters, several other factors are crucial for nanoparticle production. Precursor type, as an example, is an important factor determining the particle size. Using metalorganic precursors, particles in nano-sized order could be produced. While for aqueous salt precursors, atomizer type is critical. Two-fluid nozzle atomizers could be used to produce nanoparticles. Only submicron particles could be achieved by using ultrasonic nebulizers. The particle formation mechanism follows one-droplet-to-one-particle (ODOP) principle. If an organic additive, such as urea was added to the precursor, nanoparticles could be obtained. The thermal decomposition of organic additives facilitated the disintegration of primary particles producing nanoparticles. This mechanism refers to one-droplet-to-multiple-particles (ODMP) route.


Additive Atomizer Flame Nanoparticles Pyrolysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer US 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringHiroshima UniversityHigashi HiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringSebelas Maret UniversitySurakartaIndonesia

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