Spray Nozzles

  • K. OmerEmail author
  • N. Ashgriz


Spray nozzles are used in many applications such as cleaning, cutting, and spraying. Spray nozzles come in many varieties, and are usually classified according to the specific mode of atomization they employ. In this chapter, twin fluid, swirl, hydraulic, ultrasonic, rotary, and electrostatic nozzles are discussed. First, their specific mode of atomization is explained, followed by a brief description on the variation on each type of nozzle. Next, a comprehensive list of performance correlations for each type of nozzle is compiled from various sources. Finally, these correlations are explored in more detail for each type of nozzle.


Air blast Air assist Discharge coefficient Effervescent Electrostatic Flat fan nozzles Full cone Hydraulic Hollow cone Rotary SMD Spray angle Spray impact Spray pattern Swirl Twin fluid Ultrasonic 


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© Springer US 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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