Spray-Wall Impact

  • A. L. N. MoreiraEmail author
  • M. R. Oliveira Panão


Spray-wall impact is an important process in numerous applications such as internal combustion (IC) engines, spray cooling, painting, metallurgy, and many others. This chapter reviews the main challenges in this dynamic thermofluid event and attempts to systematize the knowledge developed in the hydrodynamics of multiple drop impacts and liquid deposition, the statistical analysis of secondary atomization after impact, and the thermodynamics underlying heat transfer processes in spray impaction onto heated surfaces.


Atomization Correlations Deposition Drop Interaction Heat transfer Impinging spray Liquid deposition Multiple drop impacts Secondary thermodynamics Spray Spray-wall impact Statistics 


  1. 1.
    Arcoumanis C, Chang J-C (1993) Heat transfer between a heated plate and an impinging transient diesel spray. Experiments in Fluids 16:105–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arcoumanis C, Cutter PA, Whitelaw DS (1998) Heat transfer processes in diesel engines. Chemical Engineering Research and Design 76:124–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Babinsky E, Sojka PE (2002) Modeling size distributions. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 28:303–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bai CX, Rusche H, Gosman AD (2002) Modeling of gasoline spray impingement. Atomization and Sprays 12:1–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barnes HA, Hardalupas Y, Taylor AMKP, Wilkins JH (1999) An investigation of the interaction between two adjacent droplets. In: ILASS-Europe’99, ToulouseGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bejan A (1995) Entropy generation minimization. CRC Press, Boca Raton.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cossali GE, Marengo M, Santini M (2004a) Impact of single and multiple drop array on a liquid film. In: Proceedings of the 19th ILASS-Europe, Nottingham.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cossali GE, Marengo M, Santini M (2004b) Drop array impacts on heated surfaces: secondary atomization characteristics. In: Proceeding of the 19th ILASS-Europe, Nottingham.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cossali GE, Marengo M, Santini M (2008) Thermally induced secondary atomization produced by single drop impact onto heated surfaces. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 29:167–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Han Z, Xu Z, Trugui N (2000) Spray/wall interaction models for multidimensional engine simulation. International Journal of Engine Research 1(1):127–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kalantari D, Tropea C (2007) Spray impact onto flat and rigid walls: Empirical characterization and modelling. International Journal of Multiphase Flow 33:525–544.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kalb T, Kaiser H-G, Chaves H, Obermeier F, Ebert F (2000) Splashing due to neighbouring droplet impact. In: Proceedings of the ILASS-Europe, Darmstadt.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kuhnke D (2004) Spray/Wall-Interaction Modelling by Dimensionless Data Analysis, PhD Thesis, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstad.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lemini E (2004) A New Methodology for Modelling Impinging Sprays Based on Drop Size Moments, PhD Thesis, University of Manchester, Manchester.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Moreira ALN, Panão MRO (2006) Heat transfer at multiple-intermittent impacts of a hollow cone spray. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 49:4132–4151.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Moreira ALN, Carvalho J, Panão MRO (2007) An experimental methodology to quantify the spray cooling event at intermittent spray impact. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 28:191–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Moreira ALN, Moita AS, Cossali GE, Marengo M, Santini M (2007) Secondary atomization of water and isooctane drops impinging on tilted heated surfaces. Experiments in Fluids 43:297–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mundo CHR, Sommerfeld M, Tropea C (1995) Droplet-wall collisions: experimental studies of the deformation and break-up processes. International Journal of Multiphase Flow 21(2): 151–173.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Panão MRO, Moreira ALN (2005a) Flow characteristics of spray impingement in PFI injection systems. Experiments in Fluids 39:364–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Panão MRO, Moreira ALN (2005b) Thermo- and fluid dynamics characterization of spray cooling with pulsed sprays. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 30:79–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Panão MRO, Moreira ALN (2009a) Heat transfer correlation for intermittent spray impingement: a dynamic approach. International Journal Thermal Science 48(10):1853–1862.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Panão MRO, Moreira ALN (2009b) Intermittent spray cooling: a new technology for controlling surface temperature. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 30:117–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pautsch A, Shedd T (2005). Spray impingement cooling with single- and multiple-nozzle arrays. Part II: visualization and empirical models. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 48:3176–3184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Roisman I V, Tropea C (2005) Fluctuating flow in a liquid layer and secondary spray created by an impacting spray. International Journal of Multiphase Flow 31:179–200.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Roisman I, Araneo L, Marengo M, Tropea C (1999). Evaluation of drop impingement models: experimental and numerical analysis of a spray impact. In: Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, Toulouse.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Roisman I V, Prunet-Foch B, Tropea C, Vignes-Adler M (2002) Multiple drop impact onto a dry solid substrate. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 256:396–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Roisman I, Horvat K, Tropea C (2006). Spray impact: rim transverse instability initiating fingering and splash, and description of a secondary spray. Physics of Fluids 18:102104, 1–19.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Samenfink W, Elsäβer A, Dullenkopf K, Wittig S (1999) Droplet interaction with shear-driven liquid films: analysis of deposition and secondary droplet characteristics. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 20:462–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Senda J, Fujimoto H (1999) Multidimensional modeling of impinging spray on the wall in diesel engines. ASME Applied Mechanical Review 52(4):119–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Shedd T, Pautsch A (2005) Spray impingement cooling with single- and multiple-nozzle arrays. Part II: heat transfer data using FC-72. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 48:3167–3175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Stanton D, Rutland C (1996) Modeling fuel film formation and wall interaction in diesel engines. SAE Technical Paper 960628.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Yarin AL (2006) Drop impact dynamics: splashing, spreading, receding, bouncing …. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 38:159–192.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Yarin AL, Weiss DA (1995) Impact of drops on solid surfaces: self-similar capillary waves and splashing as a new type of kinematic discontinuity. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 283:141–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer US 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Superior TécnicoIN+ Centro de Estudos em Inovação Tecnologia e Políticas de DesenvolvimentoLisboaPortugal

Personalised recommendations