Biodegradation of Fluorinated Alkyl Substances

Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 208)


The interest in the fate of fluorinated chemicals in the environment emerged in the 1980s–1990s, when chlorofluorocarbons were banned due to their extreme potential for destroying the ozone layer (Molina and Rowland 1974; Rowland 2002). More recent concerns connected with fluorinated chemicals have arisen within the last decade when the perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and perfluorinated alkane sulfonates (PFASs) were found to be environmentally ubiquitous (Giesy and Kannan 2001; Hansen et al. 2001). Indeed, the presence of these chemicals in human blood serum had been surmised in the 1960s (Taves 1968), but at that time, analytical methods were not yet capable of identifying these compounds.


Phenoxy Acetic Acid Perfluorooctane Sulfonate Amino Acetic Acid Perfluoroalkyl Chain Fluorotelomer Alcohol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Tobias Frömel wishes to thank the German Water Chemical Society for the gracious donation of a grant to support his research.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Analytic Research, Hochschule FreseniusIdsteinGermany

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