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Cerebral Edema and Intracranial Hypertension

Chapter

Abstract

Cerebral edema is traditionally divided into two types: vasogenic and cytotoxic Vasogenic edema is defined as excess fluid within the interstitial space Common causes include malignant brain tumors or abscesses, surgical manipulation, meningitis or encephalitis, and contusions Due to disruption of the blood – brain barrier (BBB) and diffusion of water into the interstitial space

Keywords

Cerebral edema Intracranial hypertension Cerebral herniation Cytotoxic edema Osmotic agents Corticosteroids Sustained ICP elevation Hyperventilation Malignant cytotoxic edema 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Associate Medical Director of Neurocritical CareThe Queen’s Medical Center, Neuroscience Institute–QET5HonoluluUSA

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