Checks and Balances at the OK Corral: Restraining Leviathan

  • Atin BasuchoudharyEmail author
  • Michael Reksulak
  • William F. ShughartII
Part of the Studies in Public Choice book series (SIPC, volume 23)


The question was, in February of 2008, before the US Supreme Court: Does the convoluted phrasing of the Second Amendment to the Constitution confer an individual or a collective right to “keep and bear” arms?


Federal Government Coercive Power Punctuation Mark Credible Threat Ninth Circuit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Baumol, W.J, Panzar, J.C., and Willig R.D. 1982. Contestable Markets and the Theory of Industry Structure. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.Google Scholar
  2. Bellesiles, M.A. 2001. Firearms Regulation: A Historical Overview. Crime and Justice. 28: 137–195.Google Scholar
  3. Friedman, L. 1969. Conscription and the Constitution: The Original Understanding. Michigan Law Review. 67: 1493–1552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Levinson, S. 1989. The Embarrassing Second Amendment. The Yale Law Journal. 99(3): 637–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Levy, L.W. 1999. Origins of the Bill of Rights. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Maggs, G.E. 2007. A Concise Guide to the Federalist Papers as a Source of the Original Meaning of the United States Constitution. Boston University Law Review. 87(4): 801–847.Google Scholar
  7. Office of Legal Counsel. 2004. Whether the Second Amendment secures an individual right: Memorandum opinion for the Attorney General, August 24, 2004. Available at, last accessed February 11, 2008.
  8. Posner, R.A. 2003. Reply: The Institutional Dimension of Statutory and Constitutional Interpretation. Michigan Law Review. 101(4) (Feb.): 952–971.Google Scholar
  9. Rakove, J.N. 2002. Words, Deeds, and Guns: “Arming America” and the Second Amendment. The William and Mary Quarterly. 59(1): 205–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Shughart, W.F. II. 1997. The organization of industry. 2nd edition. Houston, TX: Dame.Google Scholar
  11. Tirole, J. 1994. The Theory of Industrial Organization. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  12. United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. 2002. Silveira v. Lockyer. No. 01–15098, December 5, 2002 (amended January 27, 2003). Available at, last accessed December 20, 2007.
  13. United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. 2007. Parker v. the District of Columbia. No. 04–7041, March 9, 2007. Available at, last accessed December 20, 2007.
  14. Yassky, D. 2000. The Second Amendment: Structure, History, and Constitutional Change. Michigan Law Review. 99(3): 588–668.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atin Basuchoudhary
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael Reksulak
    • 2
  • William F. ShughartII
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Economics and BusinessVMILexingtonUSA
  2. 2.School of Economic Development, College of Business AdministrationGeorgia Southern UniversityStatesboroUSA
  3. 3.Department of Economics and Finance, Huntsman School of BusinessUtah State UniversityLoganUSA

Personalised recommendations