Across Culture and Health Systems: Europe

  • Marie Luise BisgaardEmail author
Part of the M.D. Anderson Solid Tumor Oncology Series book series (MDA, volume 5)


The barriers to healthcare access and genetic counseling vary from ­country to country. In this chapter, an European perspective to this is given through the experience of a 35 year old male name Igor John.


Across Culture Health Systems Europe 30 – Genetic Counselling Across Culture Health Systems 



The following are thanked for their contribution, but in no way held responsible for the contents of this chapter: Judith Karner-Hanush (Austria), Claus Bisgaard (Denmark), Rhonwyn Bisgaard (Denmark), Dorthe Gylling Crüger (Denmark), Søren Laurberg (Denmark), Heikki Järvinen (Finland), Jukka-Pekka Mecklin (Finland), Fokko Nagengast (The Netherlands), Giovanni Battista Rossi (Italy), Ignacio Blanco (Spain), Margareta Nordling (Sweden) and Gareth Evans (United Kingdom).


  1. 1.
    Wikipeda. Europe. Accessed 2007.
  2. 2.
    Wikipeda. Europa. Accessed 2007.
  3. 3.
    Wikipeda. Commonwealth of independent states. Accessed 2007.
  4. 4.
    WHO. Health systems: improving performance. Geneva: World Health Orvanization, 2000.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    WHO. European health for all database (HFA-DB). World health organization regional office for Europe. Accessed 2007.
  6. 6.
    Elias Mossialos, Anna Dixon, Josep Figueras, Joe Kutzin. Policy Brief. Funding health care: options for Europe. WHO, 2002.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gatta G, Faivre J, Capocaccia R, de Ponz LM. Survival of colorectal cancer patients in Europe during the period 1978–1989. Eur J Cancer. 1998;34(14):2176–83.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Parkin DM, Pisani P, Ferlay J. Global cancer statistics. CA Cancer J Clin. 1999;49(1):33–64. 1.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    InSiGHT. Accessed 2007.
  10. 10.
    Mesters I, Ausems M, Eichhorn S, Vasen H. Informing one’s family about genetic testing for hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC): a retrospective exploratory study. Fam Cancer. 2005;4(2):163–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vasen HF, Moslein G, Alonso A, Bernstein I, Bertario L, Blanco I, et al. Guidelines for the clinical management of Lynch syndrome (HNPCC). J Med Genet. 2007;44(6):353–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Panum Instituttet, Medical Genetics ClinicCopenhagen UniversityKøbenhavn NDenmark

Personalised recommendations