Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Primarily a childhood diagnosis, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), refers to a category of negativistic child1 behaviors that impair social functioning and learning opportunities. It was first identified in 1966 and appeared initially as a formalized diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd edition (American Psychiatric Association, 1980). ODD has been reported to affect 2–16% of children, with boys more likely to be diagnosed than girls and most children developing symptoms by age 8 (American Psychiatric Association, 2000; Steiner and Remsing, 2007).
KeywordsDepression Risperidone Rhinitis Dyspepsia Atomoxetine
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