Advertisement

Suicide in the Context of the Transition to Adulthood

  • Richard A. Young
  • Sheila K. Marshall
  • Ladislav Valach
  • José F. Domene
  • Matthew D. Graham
  • Anat Zaidman-Zait
Chapter

Abstract

For the majority of young people and their parents, the time during which youth make the transition to adulthood might prove to be, though strenuous and challenging, an enriching and happy experience. However, for a small number of youth, this period takes a disastrous turn when they consider suicide, attempt a suicide, or die in the course or as a result of a suicide action. In this chapter we present two contrasting views of suicide. The traditional view of suicide and suicide prevention in adolescence and youth is based on the probabilistic assessment of risk. In contrast, an action-theory perspective focuses on goal-directed actions, projects, and career processes of youth. The latter view allows for understanding the link between the life-limiting and life-destroying processes that suicide represents and life-enhancing processes in the lives of young people. We caution readers that it is not our intention in this chapter to provide an intervention manual for suicide prevention.

Keywords

Suicide Attempt Suicide Prevention Gender Nonconformity Suicidal Adolescent Suicidal Youth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Rogers, J. R., Guellette, C. M., Abbey-Hines, J., Carney, J. V., & Werth, J. L., Jr. (2001). Rational suicide: An empirical investigation of counselor attitudes. Journal of Counseling and Development, 79, 365–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. King, R. A., & Apter, A. (Eds.). (2003). Suicide in children and adolescents. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Wagner, B. M. (2009). Suicidal behavior in children and adolescents. New Haven, CN: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J., Friend, J., & Powell, A. (2009). Adolescent suicide, gender, and culture: A rate and risk factor analysis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 14, 402–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Valach, L., Michel, K., Young, R. A., & Dey, P. (2006b). Suicide attempts as social goal-directed systems of joint careers, projects and actions. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 36, 651–660.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lewinsohn, P. M., Rohde, P., & Seeley, J. R. (1996). Adolescent suicidal ideation and attempts: Prevalence, risk factors, and clinical implications. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 3, 25–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Young, R. A., Valach, L., & Collin, A. (2002). A contextual explanation of career. In D. Brown & Associates (Eds.), Career choice and development (4th ed., pp. 206–250). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  8. Norman, D. A. (1981). Categorization of action slips. Psychological Review, 88, 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Moscicki, E. K. (1997). Identification of suicide risk factors using epidemiologic studies. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 20, 499–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Carris, M. J., Sheeber, L., & Howe, S. (1998). Family rigidity, adolescent problem-solving deficits and suicidal ideation: A mediational model. Journal of Adolescence, 21, 459–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Beautrais, A. L., Joyce, P. R., & Mulder, R. T. (1997). Precipitating factors and life events in serious suicide attempts among youths aged 13 through 24 years. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 1543–1551.Google Scholar
  12. Cottone, R. R. (2004). Displacing the psychology of the individual in ethical decision-making: The social constructivism model. Canadian Journal of Counselling, 38, 5–13.Google Scholar
  13. Werth, J. L., Jr. (Ed.). (1999). Contemporary perspectives on rational suicide. Philadelphia: Brunner/Mazel.Google Scholar
  14. Berman, A. L., Jobes, D. A., & Silverman, M. M. (2005). Adolescent suicide: Assessment and intervention. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  15. Snyder, C. R., & Lopez, S. J. (Eds.). (2002). Handbook of positive psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Boszormenyi-Nagy, I. (1987). Foundations of contextual therapy: Collected papers of Ivan Boszormenyi-Nagy, MD. New York: Brunner/Mazel.Google Scholar
  17. Valach, L., Michel, K., Young, R. A., & Dey, P. (2002). Stories of attempted suicide: Suicide career, suicide project, and suicide action. In L. Valach, R. A. Young, & M. J. Lynam (Eds.), Action theory: A primer for applied research in the social sciences (pp. 153–171). Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
  18. Motto, J. A., & Bostrom, A. G. (2001). A randomized controlled trial of postcrisis suicide prevention. Psychiatric Services, 52, 828–833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Vandivort, D. S., & Locke, B. Z. (1979). Suicide ideation, its relation to depression, suicide and suicide attempt. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 9, 205–218.Google Scholar
  20. Valach, L., Michel, K., Young, R. A., & Dey, P. (2006a). Linking life and suicide related goal directed systems. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 28, 353–372.Google Scholar
  21. Goldston, D. B., Molok, S. B., Whitbeck, L. B., Murakami, J. L., Zayas, L. H., & Hall, G. C. N. (2008). Cultural considerations in adolescent suicide prevention and adolescent treatment. American Psychologist, 63, 14–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Michel, K., & Valach, L. (2001). Suicide as goal-directed action. In E. K. van Heeringen (Ed.), Understanding suicidal behaviour: The suicidal process approach to research and treatment (pp. 230–254). Chichester, UK: Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  23. Gould, M. S., King, R., Greenwald, S., Fisher, P., Schwab-Stone, M., Kramer, R., et al. (1998). Psychopathology associated with suicidal ideation and attempts among children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 915–923.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Robbins, P. R. (1998). Adolescent suicide. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co.Google Scholar
  25. Garofalo, R., Wolf, R. C., Kessel, S., Palfrey, J., & DuRant, R. H. (1998). The association between health risk behaviors and sexual orientation among a school-based sample of adolescents. Pediatrics, 101, 895–902.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Savin-Williams, R. C. (2001). Suicide attempts among sexual-minority youths: Population and measurement issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 983–991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Weissman, M. M., Wolk, S., Wickramaratne, P., Goldstein, R. B., Adams, P., Greenwald, S., et al. (1999). Children with prepubertal-onset major depressive disorder and anxiety grow up. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 794–801.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Michel, K., Dey, P., Stadler, K., & Valach, L. (2004). Therapist sensitivity towards emotional life-career issues and the working alliance with suicide attempters. Archives of Suicide Research, 8, 203–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Simon, T. R., Swann, A. C., Powell, K. E., Potter, L. B., Kresnow, M.-J., & O’Carroll, P. W. (2001). Characteristics of impulsive suicide attempts and attempters. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 32, 49–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (2009). Action, affect, and two-mode models of functioning. In E. Morsella, J. A. Bargh, & P. M. Gollwitzer (Eds.), Oxford handbook of human action (pp. 298–327). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Cochran, L., & Laub, J. (1994). Becoming an agent: Patterns and dynamics for shaping your life. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  32. American Association of Suicidology. (2006). Sucide facts sheet. Retrieved May 14, 2008, from http://www.suicidology.xn–org%00%00-lx3b/Google Scholar
  33. Ramchand, R., Griffin, B. A., Harris, K. M., McCaffery, D. F., & Morrel, A. R. (2008). A prospective of suicide ideation, attempts, and use of mental health service among adolescents in substance abuse treatment. Journal of Addictive Behaviors, 22, 524–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Vallacher, R. R., & Wegner, D. M. (1987). What do people think they’re doing? Action identification and human behavior. Psychological Review, 94, 3–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Dryden, W. (Ed.). (1989). Key issues for counselling in action. Counselling in action. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  36. Spruijt, E., & de Goede, M. (1997). Transitions in family structure and adolescent well-being. Journal of Adolescence, 32, 897–911.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media,LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard A. Young
    • 1
  • Sheila K. Marshall
    • 2
  • Ladislav Valach
    • 3
  • José F. Domene
    • 4
  • Matthew D. Graham
    • 5
  • Anat Zaidman-Zait
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Educational, Counselling Psychology and Special EducationUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.School of Social Work, University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.BremgartenSwitzerland
  4. 4.University of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada
  5. 5.Orion HealthSurreyCanada
  6. 6.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations