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Nano-metric Single-Photon Detector for Biochemical Chips

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Abstract

We present a family of single-photon detectors integrated in standard CMOS processes. The devices are designed by means of standard masks but using unconventional geometries. This is necessary to accommodate the high electric fields involved. Single-photon detection, combined with fast electronics for counting and time-of-arrival evaluation, is useful in a number of applications requiring photon counting and time-resolved imaging. In this chapter, we focus on applications involving molecular imaging techniques that can be assisted by single-photon detection. The current trend is to migrate the designs with nanometric feature sizes and to push integration to new heights, so as to enable placing more functionality and more processing on pixel and chip. Examples of these new trends are given in the context of industrial and bio-applications.

Keywords

Particle Image Velocimetry Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy Dark Count Rate Avalanche Discharge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the AQUA group’s graduate students and alumni, Dmitri L. Boiko, Lucio Carrara, Matt Fishburn, Marek Gersbach, Mohammad A. Karami, Estelle Labonne, Cristiano Niclass, Maximilian Sergio, as well as Emile Dupont, Ulrike Lehmann, Martin Lanz, and Giovanni Nicoletti, and to the members of the MEGAFRAME consortium.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TU DelftDelftThe Netherlands

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