Environmental Factors: Opportunities and Barriers for Physical Activity, and Healthy Eating
While genetic factors play a role in the development of obesity, the dramatic increase of its prevalence in the past 20 years strongly suggests that environmental factors are largely responsible. The history of human race during the past 20 years has seen a drastic and extremely rapid evolution of the environment (British Medical Association (BMA) 2005). While more than 100 years ago, “saving steps” documents were published (Fig. 22.1) (Van Rensselaer 1901), nowadays we are recommended to strive for 10,000 steps per day (Lindberg 2000; Mummery et al. 2006; US Department of Health and Human Services 1996).
KeywordsPhysical Activity Geographic Information System Childhood Obesity Healthy Eating Soft Drink
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