How to Count

  • Michael O. Finkelstein
  • Bruce Levin
Part of the Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences book series (SSBS)


The key to elementary probability calculations is an ability to count outcomes of interest among a given set of possibilities called the sample space. Exhaustive enumeration of cases often is not feasible. There are, fortunately, systematic methods of counting that do not require actual enumeration. In this chapter we introduce these methods, giving some applications to fairly challenging probability problems, but defer to the next chapter the formal theory of probability.


Census Tract Binomial Coefficient Large Town Decisive Vote Paternal Chromosome 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael O. Finkelstein
    • 1
  • Bruce Levin
    • 2
  1. 1.New YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiostatisticsColumbia University Mailman School of Public HealthNew YorkUSA

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