This volume utilizes contributions of some 21 recent articles published in the journal Human Ecology together with other relevant research to present an overview of current environmental thought, research, and practices in this highly eclectic field. Each chapter has implications for the evaluation of current environmental policies and development efforts as each of the contributors addresses significant problems in how people manage their resources and cope with threats to their food security or well-being. Indeed, human ecology is a theoretical orientation that emphasizes the problem-solving significance of human culture and behavior, from food procurement to social support systems as well as political and religious life. In particular, it emphasizes the complex ways in which humans shape and are shaped by their environment. The perspective generally embraced in this book is that human ecology is part and parcel of the larger scientific field of ecology and not simply analogous to it. Although very much aware of the distinctive nature of human environmental interactions, we nevertheless must recognize that humans ultimately succeed, flourish, or fail in the same manner as other species.