Anatomical Changes of Phrenic Motoneurons During Development
Although the phrenic motoneurons are relatively well-developed at the time of birth as compared to non-respiratory motoneurons, they show distinct anatomical changes during postnatal development. In the present review we summarize anatomical changes of phrenic motoneurons during pre- and postnatal development. Cell bodies of phrenic motoneurons migrate into the ventromedial region of the ventral horn of C3-C6 by E13-E14 in the rat. During development the sizes and surface areas of phrenic motoneurons are increased with changes in dendritic morphology.
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