Developing New Urban Health Metrics to Reduce the Know-Do Gap in Public Health
Recently, development and implementation of the knowledge component of urban health are being promoted by knowledge management (KM) methodologies and the establishment of Communities of Practice. However, the existing health measuring tools used for formulating health policies are not yet very effective in synthesizing the operational links between knowledge of social determinants and health equity in urban settings. The rapid expansion of urban conglomerates requires a dynamic process of measuring the health status of city dwellers. Core indicators from different knowledge domains (social, demographic, economic, morbidity, mortality, access and utilization of health care) need to be systematically measured to identify their distributions. Socio-epidemiological measurements are recognized as essential tools for assessing the impact of health determinants on the unequal distributions of health risks, hazards, diseases, disability, premature mortality and quality of life.
The objective of this chapter is to discuss how developing new and revised health metrics for urban settings will provide useful tools and knowledge-based guidelines for local and national urban stakeholders. Evidence-based health metrics will improve the effectiveness of strategic interventions and responses to health and health care available to urban populations.
KeywordsIKM Urban health GIS Health measurement Health metrics Healthy spaces
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