Polarization Microscopy

  • Markus MontagEmail author
  • Maria Köster
  • Hans van der Ven


The potential of an embryo to implant is a key element for the success in assisted reproduction. Morphological criteria of oocytes and embryos and developmental progression during the preimplantation phase were considered as a strong predictor for embryo implantation. Recently, polarization light microscopy has enabled the detection of structures within oocytes which possess a natural birefringence. Birefringence analysis of living human oocytes represents a new approach in assessing oocyte viability and embryo potential. The present knowledge of birefringence imaging will be summarized especially in regard to their impact on assisted reproduction.


Polarization microscopy Zona Spindle Oocyte Birefringence 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Montag
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Köster
    • 2
  • Hans van der Ven
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Gynecological EndocrinologyFertility Disorders University of HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Department of Gynecological Endocrinology and Reproductive MedicineUniversity of BonnBonnGermany

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