• Robert S. Holzman
  • Thomas J. Mancuso
  • Navil F. Sethna
  • James A. DiNardo


An active 2-year-old, 12-kg boy is scheduled for a frontal craniotomy for a craniopharyngioma. HR = 100 bpm, BP = 110/60 mmHg, RR = 24/min, T = 37°C. A heart murmur is detected on preoperative examination.


Catheter Mannitol Ketamine Hydrocephalus Vasopressin 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert S. Holzman
    • 1
  • Thomas J. Mancuso
    • 1
  • Navil F. Sethna
    • 1
  • James A. DiNardo
    • 1
  1. 1.Children’s Hospital BostonHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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