An active 2-year-old, 12-kg boy is scheduled for a frontal craniotomy for a craniopharyngioma. HR = 100 bpm, BP = 110/60 mmHg, RR = 24/min, T = 37°C. A heart murmur is detected on preoperative examination.
KeywordsCerebral Palsy Atrial Septal Defect Diabetes Insipidus Serum Osmolality Heart Murmur
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