Key Chapter Points
Treatment-seeking patients with fibromyalgia have significantly more psychiatric co-morbidity compared with fibromyalgia non-patients or healthy controls.
Fibromyalgia patients should be routinely screened for psychological distress.
Disruptive mood disorders will need to be directly treated in addition to other fibromyalgia treatments.
Both medication and non-medication fibromyalgia treatments have been shown to improve symptoms of pain and psychological distress.
KeywordsLocus of control Mood disorder Personality disorder Self-efficacy
- 4.Olssøn I, Dahl AA. Personality problems are considerably associated with somatic morbidity and health care utilization. Eur Psychiatry. 2009;24:442–9.Google Scholar
- 11.Pae CU, Marks DM, Shah M, et al. Milnacipran: beyond a role of antidepressant. Clin Neuropharmacol. 2009;32:355–63.Google Scholar
- 12.Menzies V, Taylor AG, Bourguignon C. Effects of guided imagery on outcomes of pain, functional status, and self-efficacy in persons diagnosed with fibromyalgia. J Altern Complement Med. 2006;12:23–30.Google Scholar