Lower Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

  • Craig A. Reickert
  • Melissa Times


Lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is defined as measurable bleeding from a source distal to the ligament of Treitz. LGIB is a broad term used to encompass the spectrum of symptoms ranging from minimal bleeding noticed on bathroom tissues associated with hemorrhoids to massive bleeding encountered with diverticular hemorrhage. Etiologies range from the rare small-bowel tumors to the frequently identified diverticular sources. To complicate matters further, the bleeding may be intermittent, leading to a challenging diagnostic and management dilemma.



This chapter was written by Frank G. Opelka, J. Byron Bathright, and David E. Beck in the first edition of this textbook.


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Copyright information

© ASCRS (American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons) 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Craig A. Reickert
    • 1
    • 2
  • Melissa Times
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Wayne State University School of MedicineDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Department of Colon and Rectal SurgeryHenry Ford HospitalDetroitUSA

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