Developing the ICT Industry Ecosystem
This chapter focuses on policies, instruments and programs to develop the ICT sector, particularly IT services and ITES. It starts with measures to develop the overall IT sector ecosystem. It then covers specific instruments: competition-based grants or innovation funds, IT incubators, IT parks and cluster development and public–private partnerships (PPPs) for sector development. Specifically, this chapter addresses the following questions: How can government collaborate with the private sector to create a vibrant ecosystem for the IT services? What are some of the promising tools and practices to promote the ICT sector as a major source of growth and innovation? What lessons can we learn from experience with developing incubators, software technology parks (STPs) and ICT clusters as platforms for dynamic sector growth?
KeywordsPrivate Sector Venture Capital Intellectual Property Right Innovation Cluster Private Sector Participation
- Ahmed, S., May, E., Bell, S., Haththotuwa, M., and Hewitt Associates. 2009. Regional Collaboration on IT Enabled Services: Smart Strategies for Jobs and Growth in South Asia. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
- Hanna, N.K. 2007a. From Envisioning to Designing e-Development: The Experience of Sri Lanka. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
- Lall, S. 2001. Competitiveness, Technology and Skills. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
- Porter, M.E. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
- Rodrik, D. 2004. “Getting Institutions Right.” CESifo DICE Report. University of Munich, Center for Economic Studies, and Ifo Institute for Economic Research.Google Scholar