Computational Neuroscience Models: Error Monitoring, Conflict Resolution, and Decision Making

  • Joshua W. BrownEmail author
  • William H. Alexander
Part of the Springer Series in Cognitive and Neural Systems book series (SSCNS)


A critical part of the perception–reason–action cycle is performance monitoring, in which the outcomes of decisions and actions are monitored with respect to how well the actions are (or are not) achieving the desired goals. If the current behavior is not achieving the desired goals, then the problems must be detected as early as possible, and corrective action must be implemented as quickly as possible. The cognitive process of performance monitoring refers to the ability to detect such problems, and cognitive control (or executive control) refers to the processes of directing actions toward their intended goals and correcting failures to do so. In this chapter, the basic neural mechanisms of goal-directed behavior are re-viewed through the lens of computational neural models on the topic, and the neural mechanisms of decision-making are reviewed briefly. We then go on to discuss how top-down goal representations are chosen, instantiated, strengthened, and when necessary, changed.


Anterior Cingulate Cortex Cognitive Control Performance Monitoring Response Conflict Proactive Control 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Supported in part by AFOSR FA9550-07-1-0454, A NARSAD Young Investigator Award, the Sidney R. Baer, Jr. Foundation, R03 DA023462, and R01 DA026457.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychological and Brain SciencesIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

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