A Review of Models of Consciousness

  • John G. TaylorEmail author
Part of the Springer Series in Cognitive and Neural Systems book series (SSCNS)


We review the main models of consciousness and develop various criteria to assess them. One of the most important criteria is that of the existence of the inner self of Western phenomenology (following Hussar, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty and colleagues). Only one model survives that criterion, that of CODAM (Taylor, 2007; ibid, 2010a; ibid, 2010b). Another test is that of agreeing with relevant experimental data (to be considered in detail later), especially a few data sets of specific relevance to consciousness (Taylor and Fragopanagos, 2007). A number pass this test over a limited range of data (not necessarily the most relevant data for consciousness). Very few models pass the third test of explicitly involving attention (regarded as the gateway to consciousness). A fourth and final test is that of helping explain defects of experience in various diseases of the mind, especially schizophrenia. Only one model survives that test (again CODAM, Taylor, 2007, 2010a). Our conclusion is that although many models emphasise various components of consciousness creation, very few yet include all relevant components.


Attentional Blink Granger Causality Work Memory Conscious Experience Infinite Regress 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsKing’s CollegeLondonUK

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