Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging

  • George E. Kopchok
  • Rodney A. White
Chapter

Abstract

The application of ultrasound in medical diagnosis has increased considerably due to the miniaturization of ultrasonic transducers and overall compatibility and ease of use. Current intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) catheters provide real-time, high-resolution, cross-sectional, sectional imaging in vessels with dimensional accuracy. IVUS can delineate wall morphology, lesion consistency and length, as well as the exact location of visceral or aortic branch orifices. Concomitant rapid expansion of minimally invasive endovascular therapies continues to add new roles for IVUS. In addition to diagnostic information, IVUS can assist clinicians in choosing appropriate endovascular devices and appropriate deployment sites and guidance. IVUS also allows real-time post-procedural assessment of efficacy on intervention. Further acceptance and implementation relies on effectiveness of IVUS in improving outcomes and minimizing peri- and post-procedural complications, as compared to alternative imaging modalities. This chapter reviews the design and function of available IVUS catheters, imaging techniques, and therapeutic utility in peripheral endovascular interventions.

Keywords

Migration Catheter Attenuation Luminal Peri 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • George E. Kopchok
    • 1
  • Rodney A. White
    • 2
  1. 1.Vascular Surgery Research Laboratory, Department of Vascular SurgeryLos Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Harbor-UCLA Medical CenterTorranceUSA
  2. 2.Vascular SurgeryLos Angeles County Harbor-UCLA Medical CenterTorranceUSA

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