Dermal Toxicity and Environmental Contamination: Electron Transfer, Reactive Oxygen Species, Oxidative Stress, Cell Signaling, and Protection by Antioxidants

  • Peter KovacicEmail author
  • Ratnasamy Somanathan
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 203)


Many papers have addressed the role of electron transfer (ET) (electron movement from one site to another), reactive oxygen species (ROS), and oxidative stress (OS) in producing cellular insults and, thereby, toxicity in major organs. The present review provides evidence for the same mechanistic theme as it applies to skin toxicants.


Reactive Oxygen Species Electron Transfer Methyl Salicylate Redox Cycling Methyl Bromide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Assistance by Dr. Terence O’Grady, UCSD, as well as by Thelma Chavez, is gratefully acknowledged.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistrySan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Centro de Graduados e Investigación del Instituto Tecnológico de TijuanaTijuanaMexico

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