Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

  • Erin Smith
  • Sheila A. M. RauchEmail author


Lifetime estimates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence in the United States range between 7 and 12% (Breslau, Davis, Andreski, & Peterson, 1991; Kessler, Berglund, Demler, Jin, & Walters, 2005; Kessler, Sonnega, Bromet, Hughes, & Nelson, 1995; Resnick, Kilpatrick, Dansky, Saunders, & Best, 1993). The percentages vary according to the methodology of the study, definition of traumatic events, and assessment measures used (see below for discussion). Unlike other psychiatric disorders, PTSD requires a particular precipitating event as well as a specific symptom presentation. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) for PTSD criteria are presented in Table 16.1. In describing the disorder, we first focus on the defining trauma and then move to the symptom presentation of PTSD.


Sexual Assault Traumatic Event Ptsd Symptom Traumatic Exposure Service Member 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, University of Michigan Medical SchoolAnn ArborUSA

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