When a treatment may be given at various times, it is important to form matched pairs or sets in which subjects are similar prior to treatment but avoid matching on events that were subsequent to treatment. This is done using risk-set matching, in which a newly treated subject at time t is matched to one or more controls who are not yet treated at time t based on covariate information describing subjects prior to time t.
KeywordsPropensity Score Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Propensity Score Match Interstitial Cystitis Gang Membership
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- American Academy of Pediatrics.: Hospital discharge of the high-risk neonate – proposed guidelines. Pediatrics 102, 411–17 (1998)Google Scholar
- Cox, D.R.: Regression models and life-tables. J Roy Statist Soc B 34, 187–220.Google Scholar
- Gail, M.H. : Does cardiac transplantation prolong life? A reassessment. Ann Intern Med 76, 815–817 (1972)Google Scholar
- Nagin, D.S.: Group-Based Modeling of Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press (2005)Google Scholar
- Nieuwbeerta, P., Nagin, D.S., Blokland, A.A.J.: The relationship between first imprisonment and criminal career development: A matched samples comparison. J Quant Criminol, to appear.Google Scholar
- Robins, J.M., Blevins, D., Ritter, G., Wulfsohn, M. : G-estimation of the effect of prophylaxis therapy for pneumocystis carinii pneumonia on the survival of AIDS patients. Epidemiology 3, 319–336.Google Scholar
- Tremblay, R.E., Desmarais-Gervais, L., Gagnon, C., Charlebois, P.: The preschool behavior questionnaire: Stability of its factor structure between culture, sexes, ages, and socioeconomic classes. Int J Behav Devl 10, 467–484 (1987)Google Scholar
- Wermink, H., Blokland, A., Nieubeerta, P., Nagin, D., Tollenaar, N.: Comparing the effects of community service and imprisonment on recidivism: A matched samples approach. Manuscript.Google Scholar