Holistic e-Development

  • Nagy K. Hanna
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)


E-development, or e-Transformation, can be conceived as composed of key, interdependent elements: an enabling policy and institutional environment; an affordable and competitive information infrastructure; a dynamic and innovative ICT industry: broad ICT literacy, education, and entrepreneurship; a coherent investment program to apply ICT to modernizing the public sector; and incentives to promote the effective use of ICT for developing the private sector and empowering civil society (Fig. 4.1). The first four elements are the pillars or enablers to the effective use and mainstreaming of ICT in government, business, and grassroots community organizations (e-government, e-business, and e-society).


Venture Capital Information Infrastructure Shaping Strategy Hard Infrastructure Soft Infrastructure 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MarylandBethesdaUSA

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