Reconfigurable Parallel Kinematic Machine Tools

Chapter

Abstract

The evolution of manufacturing systems is triggered by the dynamic customer environment of its time. The main characteristics of today’s customers’ environment are mass customization and responsiveness to market demand, and thus the reconfigurable manufacturing system has been suggested for such environment. A reconfigurable manufacturing system (RMS) is one designed at the outset for rapid change in its structure, as well as its hardware and software components, in order to quickly adjust its production capacity and functionality within a part family in response to sudden market changes or intrinsic system change [87]. Ideal reconfigurable manufacturing systems possess six main characteristics: Modularity, Integrability, Customized flexibility, Scalability, Convertibility, and Diagnosability (US patent, No. 6,349,237). These characteristics provide a RMS with exactly the functionality and production capacity needed, and also the system can be economically adjusted exactly when needed [105].

The components of RMS are: CNC machines [86], Reconfigurable Machine Tools [90], Reconfigurable Inspection Machines (US patent No. 6,567,162), and material transport systems (such as gantries and conveyors) that connect the machines to form the system. As the main component of reconfigurable manufacturing systems, the reconfigurable machine tools are machine tools that are built from machine modules [46]. Therefore, research and development in reconfigurable robots can generally be divided into two categories. One studies the most suitable modular architecture for robots. This includes the development of independent joint modules with various specifications and link modules as well as rapid interfaces between joints and links. The other is aimed at providing a CAD system for rapid formulation of a suitable configuration through a combination of those modular joints and links – a modular robot in its best conformity to a given task. In this chapter, first, we give some general idea about design procedures of reconfigurable parallel robotic machine tools, and then focus on the design of reconfigurable machine tools.

Keywords

Milling 

References

  1. 46.
    Fedewa D, Mehrabi M, Kota S, Gopalakrishnan V (2000) Design of a parallel structure ficture for reconfigurable machining systems. In: Proceedings of the 2000 Japan–USA flexible automation conference, pp 216–221Google Scholar
  2. 82.
    Jovane F, Negri SP, Fassi I, Tosatti LM (2002) Design issues for reconfigurable pkms. In: 3rd Chemnitz parallel kinematics seminar: development methods and application experience of parallel kinematicsGoogle Scholar
  3. 86.
    Koren Y (1983) Computer control of manufacturing systems. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 87.
    Koren Y, Jovane F, Heise U, Moriwaki T, Pritschow G, Ulsoy G, VanBrussel H (1999) Reconfigurable manufacturing systems. CIRP Ann 48(2):6–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 90.
    Landers R, Min BK, Koren Y (2001) Reconfigurable machine tools. CIRP Ann 49(1): 269–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 91.
    Landers RG (2000) A new paradigm in machine tools: reconfigurable machine tools. In: Japan–USA symposium on flexible automationGoogle Scholar
  7. 105.
    Mehrabi M, Ulsoy G, Koren Y (2000) Reconfigurable manufacturing systems: key to future manufacturing. J Intell Manuf 11(4):403–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 109.
    Moon YM, Kota S (1999) A methodology for automated design of reconfigurable machine tools. In: Proceedings of the 3rd CIRP international seminar on manufacturing systems, pp 297–303Google Scholar
  9. 116.
    Pérez R et al (2004) A modularity framework for concurrent design of reconfigurable machine tools. Lect Notes Comput Sci 3190:87–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 164.
    Yigit AS, Ulsoy AG (2000) Design of vibration isolation systems for reconfigurable precision equipment. In: Japan–USA symposium on flexible automationGoogle Scholar
  11. 168.
    Zatarain M, Lejardi E, Egana F (1998) Modular synthesis of machine tools. CIRP Ann 47(1):333–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 170.
    Zhang D (2000) Kinetostatic analysis and optimization of parallel and hybrid architectures for machine tools. Laval University, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  13. 172.
    Zhang D, Mechsfske C, Xi F (2001) Optimization of reconfigurable parallel mechanisms with revolute actuators. In: CIRP 1st international conference on reconfigurable manufacturingGoogle Scholar
  14. 173.
    Zhang D, Mechsfske C, Xi F (2001) Stiffness analysis of reconfigurable parallel mechanisms with prismatic actuators. In: CIRP 1st international conference on reconfigurable manufacturingGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering and Applied ScienceUniversity of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT)OshawaCanada

Personalised recommendations