The Force Method

  • Igor A. Karnovsky
  • Olga Lebed


The force method presents a powerful method for analyzing linear elastic statically indeterminate structures; this method also has a wide application in problems of stability and dynamics of structures. The method is very attractive because it has clear physical meaning, which is based on a convenient and well-ordered procedure of calculation of displacements of deformable structures, and presently, this method has been brought to elegant simplicity and perfection. In this chapter, the reader find the numerous examples of application of this method for analysis of different structures subjected to external loads, temperature change, settlements of supports, and errors of fabrication.


Axial Force Internal Force Primary System Free Term Force Method 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor A. Karnovsky
    • 1
  • Olga Lebed
    • 2
  1. 1.CoquitlamCanada
  2. 2.Condor Rebar Consultants, Inc.VancouverCanada

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