Introduction and Overview

  • Sandra Gordon-SalantEmail author
  • Robert D. Frisina
Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 34)


Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is one of the top three most common chronic health conditions affecting individuals aged 65 years and older (Pleis and Lethbridge-Çejku 2007). Applying a conservative estimate of the prevalence rate of ARHL (50%) among the population 65 years and older to US Census Bureau projections of the population, there are approximately 20 million senior citizens in the United States with significant hearing loss at present, and this number will soar to 36 million by the year 2030 (Agrawal et al. 2008; US Census Bureau 2008; note that in Cruickshanks, Zhan, and Zhong, Chapter 9, the prevalence of ARHL projected for the year 2030 is higher because it includes those aged 45 years and older). The high prevalence of ARHL compels audiologists, otolaryngologists, and auditory neuroscientists alike to understand the neural, genetic, and molecular mechanisms underlying this disorder so that effective prevention, intervention, and rehabilitative strategies can be developed to ameliorate the myriad of behavioral manifestations. This volume presents an overview of contemporary research trends on ARHL from interrelated disciplines whose studies aim to meet this compelling need. The intended audience includes advanced undergraduate and graduate students, basic and applied biomedical and communication sciences researchers, and practicing clinicians who are concerned with understanding auditory mechanisms and improving hearing health care for elderly individuals.


Hearing Loss Interaural Time Difference Endocochlear Potential Auditory Periphery Informational Masking 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Abel SM, Hay VH (1996) Sound localization. The interaction of aging, hearing loss and hearing protection. Scand Audiol 25:3–12.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Agrawal Y, Platz EA, Niparko JK (2008). Prevalence of hearing loss and differences by demographic characteristics among US adults. Arch Intern Med 168:1522–1530.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. ANSI (1969) ANSI S3.5–1969, American National Standard Methods for the Calculation of the Articulation Index. New York: American National Standards Institute.Google Scholar
  4. Committee on Hearing, Bioacoustics, and Biomechanics (CHABA) (1988) Speech understanding and aging. J Acoust Soc Am 83:859–895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chandler DW, Grantham DW (1991) Effects of age and auditory spatial resolution in the horizontal plane. J Acoust Soc Am 89:1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dubno JR, Ahlstrom J (2001) Psychophysical suppression measured with bandlimited noise extended below and/or above the signal: Effects of age and hearing loss. J Acoust Soc Am 110:1058–1066.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Fitzgibbons PJ, Gordon-Salant S (1994) Age effects on measures of auditory temporal sensitivity. J Speech Hear Res 37:662–670.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. French NR, Steinberg JC (1947) Factors governing the intelligibility of speech sounds. J Acoust Soc Am 19:90–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Frisina DR, Frisina RD, Snell KB, Burkard R, Walton JP, Ison JR (2001) Auditory temporal processing during aging. In: Hof PR, Moobbs CV (eds) Functional Neurobiology of Aging. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 565–579.Google Scholar
  10. Pearson JD, Morell CH, Gordon-Salant S, Brant LJ, Metter EJ, Klein LL, Fozard JL (1995) Gender differences in a longitudinal study of age-associated hearing loss. J Acoust Soc Am 97:1196–1205.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Pleis JR, Lethbridge-Çejku M (2007) Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2006. Washington, DC: Vital Health Stat 10(235), National Center for Health Statistics, US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  12. Schuknecht HF (1955) Presbycusis. Laryngosocope 65:402– 419.Google Scholar
  13. Schuknecht HF (1974) Pathology of the Ear. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Snell KB (1997) Age-related changes in temporal gap detection. J Acoust Soc Am 101: 2214–2220.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Sommers M, Gehr S (1998) Auditory suppression and frequency selectivity in older and younger adults. J Acoust Soc Am 103:1067–1074.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. US Census Bureau (2008) Table 2. Projections of the population by selected age groups and sex for the United States: 2010 to 2050 (Release Date: August 14, 2008), available at (accessed 1/18/2009).
  17. Willott JF (1991) Aging and the Auditory System: Anatomy, Physiology, and Psychophysics. San Diego, CA: Singular Publishing Group.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Hearing and Speech SciencesUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of OtolaryngologyUniversity of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA

Personalised recommendations