Policing and Organised Crime in Mumbai

  • Jyoti Belur


This chapter introduces Mumbai city and its socio-economic and cultural place in Indian life. The city, its size, population, ethnic composition, importance as a commercial trade centre, its manufacturing and service industries, and its special position as the capital of the film industry in India (Bollywood) all demonstrate that Mumbai has a unique social, cultural, and economic position in India. The city’s contemporary police force has grown out of a colonial legacy of policing based on the model of the Royal Ulster Constabulary. The structure of the police service, as well as the administrative framework that provided the context within which encounters emerged and different power structures operated and influenced the politics of day-to-day policing are discussed. The chapter traces the growth of organised crime in Mumbai since the 1970s that led to the use of deadly force by the police, in scenarios constructed as encounters. It focuses on the growth and development of some of the leading gangs, and how their activities impacted on citizens of Mumbai. The twin processes of the politicization of organised crime and the criminalization of politics in Mumbai are also discussed.


Police Officer Police Force Organise Crime Crime Figure Deadly Force 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jill Dando Institute of Crime ScienceUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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