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Lessons from the Fly: Pattern Recognition in Drosophila melanogaster

  • Subhamoy Pal
  • Louisa P. Wu
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 653)

Abstract

Drosophila have a variety of innate immune strategies for defending itself from infection, including humoral and cell mediated responses to invading microorganisms. At the front lines of these responses, are a diverse group of pattern recognition receptors that recognize pathogen associated molecular patterns. These patterns include bacterial lipopolysaccharides, peptidoglycans, and fungal β-1,3 glucans. Some of the receptors catalytically modify the pathogenic determinant, but all are responsible for direcdy facilitating a signaling event that results in an immune response. Some of these events require multiple pattern recognition receptors acting sequentially to activate a pathway. In some cases, a signaling pathway may be activated by a variety of different pathogens, through parallel receptors detecting different pathogenic determinants. In this chapter, we review what is known about pattern recognition receptors in Drosophila, and how those lessons may be applied towards a broader understanding of immunity.

Keywords

Down Syndrome Scavenger Receptor Pattern Recognition Receptor Recognition Protein Toll Pathway 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subhamoy Pal
    • 1
  • Louisa P. Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Biosystems ResearchUniversity of Maryland Biotechnology InstituteCollege ParkUSA

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