Invited Commentary

  • Joseph LoCiceroIIIEmail author


For cardiac and thoracic surgeons, elderly patients with their unique physiology and social problems are becoming an increasing proportion of their practice. Also, they are faced with a dwindling workforce and rapid changes in surgical approaches and competing technologies. These chapters make insightful observations and practical suggestions to guide the surgeon through delicate procedures on these fragile patients.


Cardiac surgery Thoracic surgery Minimally invasive surgery Elderly 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgerySUNY DownstateMobileUSA

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