• Zaki Malik
  • Athman Bouguettaya


The Web was originally created to enable the sharing of information among scientists. Sir Tim Berners-Lee first proposed the idea of creating a “Web of information” when he suggested a solution to integrate three technologies: HTML (HyperText Markup Language), HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol), andWeb browsers [131]. HTML was proposed as a language to writeWeb documents. HTTP was proposed as a protocol to transmit Web pages. Web browser software clients were introduced to receive, interpret and display information. Initially, the Web was mainly perceived as a “worldwide bulletin board,” with data sharing and reuse as its prime objectives. Soon after, governments, businesses, and individual users took active interest in the Web by publishing and accessing information of interest. This resulted in voluminous amount of data potentially accessible to millions of users. Consequently, effective techniques and tools were required to retrieve quality information from the Web.


Component Service Trust Management Reputation System Credit History Open Grid Service Architecture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Computer Sci. & Information Tech. Bldg.CSIRO ICT Center Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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