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Cortical Speech and Music Processes Revealed by Functional Neuroimaging

  • Robert J. Zatorre
  • Marc Schönwiesner
Chapter

Abstract

Economists tell us that wealth is created by trade and exchange. Assuming the same principle holds for intellectual wealth, the interactions between different levels of analysis, and the exchanges across disciplines that characterize contemporary neuroscience should provide us with great riches. Looking at the developments over the past decade in cognitive neuroscience of auditory processing would appear to bear this out. A significant amount of progress has been made, and much of it can be attributed to the possibilities for crossing boundaries afforded by neuroimaging tools. This chapter focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the human auditory cortex in the light of research using functional neuroimaging techniques. We emphasize the processing of music and speech, and how this knowledge complements knowledge drawn from other domains and other species.

Keywords

Auditory Cortex Speech Sound Superior Temporal Sulcus Pitch Height Human Auditory Cortex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AI

primary auditory cortex

BOLD

blood oxygenated level dependent

EEG

electroencephalography

fMRI

functional magnetic resonance imaging

HG

Heschl’s gyrus

MEG

magnetoencephalography

MMN

mismatch negativity

PET

positron emission tomography

PT

planum temporale

STG

superior temporal gyrus

STS

superior temporal sulcus

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeuropsychologyMontreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, McGill UniversityMontréalCanada
  2. 2.International Laboratory for Brain, Music and Sound ResearchUniversité de MontréalMontréalCanada

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