Introductory Magnetism

  • Gerald F. DionneEmail author


The use of magnetic oxides in electronics technology has become so commonplace that few systems can operate effectively without some form of them making a vital contribution. Wherever magnetic materials with dielectric properties (or vice versa) are required, there is likely to be an application for a ferrite or other transition-metal oxide, from cores for inductors and transformers, to discs or tapes and read/write heads for information storage, to thin films for high-density computer memories, to nonreciprocal microwave control devices, to antennas for home electronics, to microwave antireflection coatings, to permanent magnets for automobile ignitions, to isolator devices for fiber-optical laser sources, to rubberized refrigerator magnets. In later years, exotic phenomena that jointly involve the magnetic and electrical conductivity properties have been discovered in oxides that contain magnetic ions. High-temperature superconductivity for low power loss and giant magnetoresistance effects for magnetic field sensors and magnetic random access memories (MRAMs) have been found in perovskite-based compounds. Hybrid combinations of piezoelectric and magnetic compounds have spawned a growing interest in piezomagnetics and multiferroics. Magnetic oxides have also provided a molecular-scale vehicle for fundamental investigations of the electronic and magnetic properties of the important transition-metal and rare-earth elements of the Periodic table.


Angular Momentum Magnetic Dipole Lattice Relaxation Spontaneous Magnetism Bohr Magneton 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    R.M. Bozorth, Ferromagnetism, (D. Van Nostrand, New York, 1951)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.A. Osborn, Phys. Rev. 67, 351 (1945)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    W.E. Henry, Phys. Rev. 88, 559 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. Cusack, The Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Solids, (Longmans, Green and Co., New York, 1958)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.H. Morrish, The Physical Principles of Magnetism, (Wiley, New York, 1965), Chapter 2Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.F. Dionne, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4874 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. Heisenberg, Z. Phys. 49, 619 (1928)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L.D. Landau and E.D. Lifshitz, Quantum Mechanics, (Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1958), Chapter IXGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. Heitler and F. London, Z. Physik 44, 455 (1927)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    K. Yosida, Theory of Magnetism, (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R.M. White, Quantum Theory of Magnetism, (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E.C. Stoner, Proc. Leeds Phil. Soc. 2, 391 (1933)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J.C. Slater, Phys. Rev. 49, 537 (1936)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.H. Morrish, The Physical Principles of Magnetism, (Wiley, New York, 1965)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    B. Lax and K.J. Button, Microwave Ferrites and Ferrimagnetics, (McGraw Hill, New York, 1962)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    F. Bloch, Phys. Rev. 70, 460 (1946)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. 78, 572 (1950); also N. Bloembergen, Proc. IRE 44, 1259 (1956)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A.H. Morrish, The Physical Principles of Magnetism, (Wiley, New York, 1965), p. 198Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    E.L. Hahn, Phys. Rev. 80, 580 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J.C. Dyment, Can J. Phys. 44, 637 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    G.E. Pake, Paramagnetic Resonance, (W.A. Benjamin, New York, 1962)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Abragam, The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism, (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1962)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    C.P. Slichter, Principles of Magnetic Resonance, (Springer, New York, 1996)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    A.L. Kipling, P.W. Smith, J. Vanier, and G.A. Woonton, Can. J. Phys. 39, 1859 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J.H. Van Vleck, Phys. Rev. 74, 1168 (1948)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    C. Kittel and E. Abrahams, Phys. Rev. 90, 238 (1953)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyLexingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations