Psychological Co-morbidities of Cardiovascular Disease

  • Matthew C. Whited
  • Amanda L. Wheat
  • Bradley M. Appelhans
  • Sherry Pagoto


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and other developed nations. Because CVD often cooccurs with various mental disorders, healthcare providers responsible for either physical or mental health should be aware of how these conditions influence each other and the implications for treatment. This chapter reviews the prevalence and pathophysiology of the associations between CVD and mental disorders, reviews the literature on assessment, treatment, clinical considerations, and makes recommendations for areas in need of further research.


Depressive Symptom Bipolar Disorder Major Depressive Disorder Anxiety Disorder Generalize Anxiety Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew C. Whited
    • 1
  • Amanda L. Wheat
    • 2
  • Bradley M. Appelhans
    • 3
  • Sherry Pagoto
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral MedicineUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  3. 3.Departments of Preventive Medicine and Behavioral SciencesRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  4. 4.University of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA

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