Loading the stage: We load the source system data into the stage. Usually, the focus is to extract the data as soon as possible without doing too much transformation. In other words, the structure of the stage tables is similar to the source system tables. In the previous chapter, we discussed the extraction, and in this chapter, we will focus on the loading.
Creating the data firewall: We check the data quality when the data is loaded from the stage into the NDS or ODS. The check is done using predefined rules that define what action to take: reject the data, allow the data, or fix the data.
Populating a normalized data store: This is when we load the data from the stage into the NDS or ODS, after the data passes through the data firewall. Both are normalized data stores consisting of entities with minimal data redundancy. Here we deal with data normalization and key management.
Populating dimension tables: This is when we load the NDS or ODS data into the DDS dimension tables. This is done after we populate the normalized data store. DDS is a dimensional store where the data is denormalized, so when populating dimension tables, we deal with issues such as denormalization and slowly changing dimension.
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